Over 600 studies have been conducted on Transcendental Meditation

Transcendental Meditation Research - Behaviour

This collection of scientific research charts provides an overview of the benefits Transcendental Meditation has for improving social relationships, and promoting healthy habits and behaviour.

Greater Self-Actualization

Self-actualization refers to realizing more of one's inner potential, expressed in every area of life. A statistical meta-analysis of all available studies-of 42 independent studies-indicated that the effect of Transcendental Meditation on increasing self-actualization is markedly greater than that of other forms of meditation and relaxation. This analysis statistically controlled for length of treatment and quality of research design.

Reference: Transcendental Meditation, self-actualization, and psychological health: A conceptual overview and statistical meta-analysis, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 6: 189­248, 1991.

Improved Relations at Work

This study found significant improvements in relations with supervisors and co-workers after an average of 11 months practicing Transcendental Meditation, in comparison to control subjects. And while Transcendental Meditation practitioners reported that they felt less anxiety about promotion (shown by reduced climb orientation), their fellow employees saw them as moving ahead quickly. People at every level of the organization benefited from practicing the Transcendental Meditation program.

Reference: Transcendental Meditation and productivity, Academy of Management Journal 17 (2): 362­368, 1974.

Greater Productivity

In this study subjects practicing the Transcendental Meditation program showed significant improvements at work, compared with members of a control group. Job performance and job satisfaction increased while desire to change jobs decreased. People at every level of the organization benefited from practicing the Transcendental Meditation program.

Reference: Transcendental Meditation and productivity, Academy of Management Journal 17 (2): 362­368, 1974.

Increased Relaxation

This 3-month study of managers and employees who regularly practiced the Transcendental Meditation technique in a Fortune 100 manufacturing company and a smaller distribution-sales company showed that Transcendental Meditation practitioners displayed more relaxed physiological functioning, a greater reduction in anxiety, and reduced tension on the job, when compared to control subjects with similar job positions in the same companies.

Reference: A prospective study of the effects of the Transcendental Meditation program in two business settings, Anxiety, Stress and Coping: International Journal 6: 245­262, 1993.

Improved Self-Concept

One month after beginning Transcendental Meditation, subjects experienced an improved self-concept in comparison to before learning the technique. Transcendental Meditation participants developed a more strongly defined self-concept and also came to perceive their "actual self" as significantly closer to their "ideal self." No similar changes were observed for matched controls.

Reference I: Effects of Transcendental Meditation on self-identity indices and personality, British Journal of Psychology 73: 57­68, 1982. Reference II: Psychological research on the effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on a number of personality variables, Gedrag: Tijdschrift voor Psychologie (Behavior: Journal of Psychology) 4: 206­218, 1976.

Decreased Substance Abuse

A statistical meta-analysis of 198 independent treatment outcomes found that Transcendental Meditation produced a significantly larger reduction in tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use than either standard substance abuse treatments (including counseling, pharmacological treatments, relaxation training, and Twelve-step programs) or prevention programs (such as programs to counteract peer-pressure and promote personal development). This meta-analysis controlled for strength of study design and included both heavy and casual users. Whereas the effects of conventional programs typically decrease sharply by 3 months, effects of Transcendental Meditation on total abstinence from tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug ranged from 51%­89% over an 18­22 month period.

Reference I: Treating and preventing alcohol, nicotine, and drug abuse through Transcendental Meditation: A review and statistical meta-analysis, Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11: 13-87, 1994. Reference II: Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in preventing and treating substance misuse: A review, International Journal of the Addictions 26: 293-325, 1991.


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